Pengguna:E.amini/sandbox

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La Enciclopedia Virtual de la Escuela de Ahlul-Bait (P), afiliada a la Asamblea Mundial de Ahlul-Bait (P).
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@import url(http://fonts.googleapis.com/css?family=Open+Sans:400,700); /* Default styling for HTML elements */ dfn {

   font-style: inherit;  /* Reset default styling for  */

}

/* Main page fixes */

  1. interwiki-completelist {
   font-weight: bold;

} body.page-Main_Page #ca-delete {

   display: none !important;

}

body.page-Main_Page #mp-topbanner {

   clear: both;

}

/* Edit window toolbar */

  1. toolbar {
   height: 22px;
   margin-bottom: 6px;

} /* Highlight data points in the info action if specified in the URL */ body.action-info :target {

   background: #DEF;

}

/* Make the list of references smaller */ ol.references, div.reflist, div.refbegin {

   font-size: 90%;            /* Default font-size */
   margin-bottom: 0.5em;

} div.refbegin-100 {

   font-size: 100%;           /* Option for normal fontsize in Templat:Refbegin */

} div.reflist ol.references {

   font-size: 100%;           /* Reset font-size when nested in div.reflist */
   list-style-type: inherit;  /* Enable custom list style types */

}

/* Highlight clicked reference in blue to help navigation */ ol.references li:target, sup.reference:target, span.citation:target {

   background-color: #DEF;

}

/* Ensure refs in table headers and the like aren't bold or italic */ sup.reference {

   font-weight: normal;
   font-style: normal;

}

/* Allow hidden ref errors to be shown by user CSS */ span.brokenref {

   display: none;

}

/* Styling for citations (CSS3). Breaks long urls, etc., rather than overflowing box */ .citation {

   word-wrap: break-word;

}

/* For linked citation numbers and document IDs, where

  the number need not be shown on a screen or a handheld,
  but should be included in the printed version */

@media screen, handheld {

   .citation .printonly {
       display: none;
   }

}

/* Reset top margin for lists embedded in columns */ div.columns {

   margin-top: 0.3em;

} div.columns dl, div.columns ol, div.columns ul {

   margin-top: 0;

}

/* Avoid list items from breaking between columns */ div.columns li, div.columns dd dd {

   -webkit-column-break-inside: avoid;
   page-break-inside: avoid;
   break-inside: avoid-column;

}

/* Style for Template:Flowlist that Lets lists flow around floating objecs */ .flowlist ul {

   overflow-x: hidden;
   margin-left: 0;
   padding-left: 1.6em;

} .flowlist ol {

   overflow-x: hidden;
   margin-left: 0;
   padding-left: 3.2em;

} .flowlist dl {

   overflow-x: hidden;

}

/* Style for horizontal lists (separator following item).

  IE8-specific classes are assigned in MediaWiki:Common.js/IEFixes.js.
  @source mediawiki.org/wiki/Snippets/Horizontal_lists
  @revision 5 (2014-02-24)
  @author User:Edokter
*/

.hlist dl, .hlist ol, .hlist ul {

   margin: 0;
   padding: 0;

} /* Display list items inline */ .hlist dd, .hlist dt, .hlist li {

   margin: 0;
   display: inline;

} /* Display nested lists inline */ .hlist dl dl, .hlist dl ol, .hlist dl ul, .hlist ol dl, .hlist ol ol, .hlist ol ul, .hlist ul dl, .hlist ul ol, .hlist ul ul {

   display: inline;

} /* Generate interpuncts */ .hlist dt:after {

   content: ": ";

} .hlist dd:after, .hlist li:after {

   content: " · ";
   font-weight: bold;

} .hlist dd:last-child:after, .hlist dt:last-child:after, .hlist li:last-child:after {

   content: none;

} /* For IE8 */ .hlist dd.hlist-last-child:after, .hlist dt.hlist-last-child:after, .hlist li.hlist-last-child:after {

   content: none;

} /* Add parentheses around nested lists */ .hlist dd dd:first-child:before, .hlist dd dt:first-child:before, .hlist dd li:first-child:before, .hlist dt dd:first-child:before, .hlist dt dt:first-child:before, .hlist dt li:first-child:before, .hlist li dd:first-child:before, .hlist li dt:first-child:before, .hlist li li:first-child:before {

   content: " (";
   font-weight: normal;

} .hlist dd dd:last-child:after, .hlist dd dt:last-child:after, .hlist dd li:last-child:after, .hlist dt dd:last-child:after, .hlist dt dt:last-child:after, .hlist dt li:last-child:after, .hlist li dd:last-child:after, .hlist li dt:last-child:after, .hlist li li:last-child:after {

   content: ") ";
   font-weight: normal;

} /* For IE8 */ .hlist dd dd.hlist-last-child:after, .hlist dd dt.hlist-last-child:after, .hlist dd li.hlist-last-child:after, .hlist dt dd.hlist-last-child:after, .hlist dt dt.hlist-last-child:after, .hlist dt li.hlist-last-child:after, .hlist li dd.hlist-last-child:after, .hlist li dt.hlist-last-child:after, .hlist li li.hlist-last-child:after {

   content: ") ";
   font-weight: normal;

} /* Put ordinals in front of ordered list items */ .hlist ol {

   counter-reset: listitem;

} .hlist ol > li {

   counter-increment: listitem;

} .hlist ol > li:before {

   content: " " counter(listitem) " ";
   white-space: nowrap;

} .hlist dd ol > li:first-child:before, .hlist dt ol > li:first-child:before, .hlist li ol > li:first-child:before {

   content: " (" counter(listitem) " ";

}

/* Unbulleted lists */ .plainlist ul {

   line-height: inherit;
   list-style: none none;
   margin: 0;

} .plainlist ul li {

   margin-bottom: 0;

}

/* Default style for navigation boxes */ .navbox { /* Navbox container style */

   border: 1px solid #aaa;
   width: 100%;
   margin: auto;
   clear: both;
   font-size: 88%;
   text-align: center;
   padding: 1px;

} .navbox-inner, .navbox-subgroup {

   width: 100%;

} .navbox-group, .navbox-title, .navbox-abovebelow {

   padding: 0.25em 1em;      /* Title, group and above/below styles */
   line-height: 1.5em;
   text-align: center;

} th.navbox-group { /* Group style */

   white-space: nowrap;
   /* @noflip */
   text-align: right;

} .navbox, .navbox-subgroup {

   background: #fdfdfd;      /* Background color */

} .navbox-list {

   line-height: 1.8em;
   border-color: #fdfdfd;    /* Must match background color */

} .navbox th, .navbox-title {

   background: #ccccff;      /* Level 1 color */

} .navbox-abovebelow, th.navbox-group, .navbox-subgroup .navbox-title {

   background: #ddddff;      /* Level 2 color */

} .navbox-subgroup .navbox-group, .navbox-subgroup .navbox-abovebelow {

   background: #e6e6ff;      /* Level 3 color */

} .navbox-even {

   background: #f7f7f7;      /* Even row striping */

} .navbox-odd {

   background: transparent;  /* Odd row striping */

} table.navbox + table.navbox { /* Single pixel border between adjacent navboxes */

   margin-top: -1px;          /* (doesn't work for IE6, but that's okay)       */

} .navbox .hlist td dl, .navbox .hlist td ol, .navbox .hlist td ul, .navbox td.hlist dl, .navbox td.hlist ol, .navbox td.hlist ul {

   padding: 0.125em 0;       /* Adjust hlist padding in navboxes */

} ol + table.navbox, ul + table.navbox {

   margin-top: 0.5em;        /* Prevent lists from clinging to navboxes */

}

/* Default styling for Navbar template */ .navbar {

   display: inline;
   font-size: 88%;
   font-weight: normal;

} .navbar ul {

   display: inline;
   white-space: nowrap;

} .navbar li {

   word-spacing: -0.125em;

} .navbar.mini li span {

 font-variant: small-caps;

} /* Navbar styling when nested in infobox and navbox */ .infobox .navbar {

   font-size: 100%;

} .navbox .navbar {

   display: block;
   font-size: 100%;

} .navbox-title .navbar {

   /* @noflip */
   float: left;
   /* @noflip */
   text-align: left;
   /* @noflip */
   margin-right: 0.5em;
   width: 6em;

}

/* 'show'/'hide' buttons created dynamically by the CollapsibleTables javascript

  in MediaWiki:Common.js are styled here so they can be customised. */

.collapseButton {

   /* @noflip */
   float: right;
   font-weight: normal;
   /* @noflip */
   margin-left: 0.5em;
   /* @noflip */
   text-align: right;
   width: auto;

} /* In navboxes, the show/hide button balances the v·d·e links

  from Template:Navbar, so they need to be the same width. */

.navbox .collapseButton {

   width: 6em;

}

/* Styling for JQuery makeCollapsible, matching that of collapseButton */ .mw-collapsible-toggle {

   font-weight: normal;
   /* @noflip */
   text-align: right;

} .navbox .mw-collapsible-toggle {

   width: 6em;

}

/* Infobox template style */ .infobox {

   border: 1px solid #aaa;
   background-color: #f9f9f9;
   color: black;
   /* @noflip */
   margin: 0.5em 0 0.5em 1em;
   padding: 0.2em;
   /* @noflip */
   float: right;
   /* @noflip */
   clear: right;
   /* @noflip */
   text-align: left;
   font-size: 88%;
   line-height: 1.5em;

} .infobox caption {

   font-size: 125%;
   font-weight: bold;

} .infobox td, .infobox th {

   vertical-align: top;

} .infobox.bordered {

   border-collapse: collapse;

} .infobox.bordered td, .infobox.bordered th {

   border: 1px solid #aaa;

} .infobox.bordered .borderless td, .infobox.bordered .borderless th {

   border: 0;

}

.infobox.sisterproject {

   width: 20em;
   font-size: 90%;

}

.infobox.standard-talk {

   border: 1px solid #c0c090;
   background-color: #f8eaba;

} .infobox.standard-talk.bordered td, .infobox.standard-talk.bordered th {

   border: 1px solid #c0c090;

}

/* styles for bordered infobox with merged rows */ .infobox.bordered .mergedtoprow td, .infobox.bordered .mergedtoprow th {

   border: 0;
   border-top: 1px solid #aaa;
   /* @noflip */
   border-right: 1px solid #aaa;

}

.infobox.bordered .mergedrow td, .infobox.bordered .mergedrow th {

   border: 0;
   /* @noflip */
   border-right: 1px solid #aaa;

}

/* Styles for geography infoboxes, eg countries,

  country subdivisions, cities, etc.            */

.infobox.geography {

   border-collapse: collapse;
   line-height: 1.2em;
   font-size: 90%;

}

.infobox.geography td, .infobox.geography th {

   border-top: 1px solid #aaa;
   padding: 0.4em 0.6em 0.4em 0.6em;

} .infobox.geography .mergedtoprow td, .infobox.geography .mergedtoprow th {

   border-top: 1px solid #aaa;
   padding: 0.4em 0.6em 0.2em 0.6em;

}

.infobox.geography .mergedrow td, .infobox.geography .mergedrow th {

   border: 0;
   padding: 0 0.6em 0.2em 0.6em;

}

.infobox.geography .mergedbottomrow td, .infobox.geography .mergedbottomrow th {

   border-top: 0;
   border-bottom: 1px solid #aaa;
   padding: 0 0.6em 0.4em 0.6em;

}

.infobox.geography .maptable td, .infobox.geography .maptable th {

   border: 0;
   padding: 0;

}

/* Normal font styling for table row headers with scope="row" tag */ .wikitable.plainrowheaders th[scope=row] {

   font-weight: normal;
   /* @noflip */
   text-align: left;

}

/* Lists in data cells are always left-aligned */ .wikitable td ul, .wikitable td ol, .wikitable td dl {

   /* @noflip */
   text-align: left;

} /* ...unless they also use the hlist class */ .wikitable.hlist td ul, .wikitable.hlist td ol, .wikitable.hlist td dl {

   text-align: inherit;

}

/* Icons for medialist templates Template:Listen,

  Template:Multi-listen_start, Template:Video,
  Template:Multi-video_start */

div.listenlist {

   background: url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/47/Sound-icon.svg") no-repeat scroll 0 0 transparent;
   background-size: 30px;
   padding-left: 40px;

}

/* Fix for hieroglyphs specificality issue in infoboxes (Bugzilla:41869) */ table.mw-hiero-table td {

   vertical-align: middle;

}

/* Style rules for media list templates */ div.medialist {

   min-height: 50px;
   margin: 1em;
   /* @noflip */
   background-position: top left;
   background-repeat: no-repeat;

} div.medialist ul {

   list-style-type: none;
   list-style-image: none;
   margin: 0;

} div.medialist ul li {

   padding-bottom: 0.5em;

} div.medialist ul li li {

   font-size: 91%;
   padding-bottom: 0;

}

/* Change the external link icon to an Adobe icon for all PDF files

  in browsers that support these CSS selectors, like Mozilla and Opera */

div#content a[href$=".pdf"].external, div#content a[href*=".pdf?"].external, div#content a[href*=".pdf#"].external, div#content a[href$=".PDF"].external, div#content a[href*=".PDF?"].external, div#content a[href*=".PDF#"].external, div#mw_content a[href$=".pdf"].external, div#mw_content a[href*=".pdf?"].external, div#mw_content a[href*=".pdf#"].external, div#mw_content a[href$=".PDF"].external, div#mw_content a[href*=".PDF?"].external, div#mw_content a[href*=".PDF#"].external {

   background: url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/23/Icons-mini-file_acrobat.gif") no-repeat right;
   /* @noflip */
   padding-right: 18px;

}

/* Change the external link icon to an Adobe icon anywhere the PDFlink class

  is used (notably Template:PDFlink). This works in IE, unlike the above. */

div#content span.PDFlink a, div#mw_content span.PDFlink a {

   background: url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/23/Icons-mini-file_acrobat.gif") no-repeat right;
   /* @noflip */
   padding-right: 18px;

}

/* Content in columns with CSS instead of tables (Template:Columns) */ div.columns-2 div.column {

   /* @noflip */
   float: left;
   width: 50%;
   min-width: 300px;

} div.columns-3 div.column {

   /* @noflip */
   float: left;
   width: 33.3%;
   min-width: 200px;

} div.columns-4 div.column {

   /* @noflip */
   float: left;
   width: 25%;
   min-width: 150px;

} div.columns-5 div.column {

   /* @noflip */
   float: left;
   width: 20%;
   min-width: 120px;

}

/* Messagebox templates */ .messagebox {

   border: 1px solid #aaa;
   background-color: #f9f9f9;
   width: 80%;
   margin: 0 auto 1em auto;
   padding: .2em;

} .messagebox.merge {

   border: 1px solid #c0b8cc;
   background-color: #f0e5ff;
   text-align: center;

} .messagebox.cleanup {

   border: 1px solid #9f9fff;
   background-color: #efefff;
   text-align: center;

} .messagebox.standard-talk {

   border: 1px solid #c0c090;
   background-color: #f8eaba;
   margin: 4px auto;

} /* For old WikiProject banners inside banner shells. */ .mbox-inside .standard-talk, .messagebox.nested-talk {

   border: 1px solid #c0c090;
   background-color: #f8eaba;
   width: 100%;
   margin: 2px 0;
   padding: 2px;

} .messagebox.small {

   width: 238px;
   font-size: 85%;
   /* @noflip */
   float: right;
   clear: both;
   /* @noflip */
   margin: 0 0 1em 1em;
   line-height: 1.25em;

} .messagebox.small-talk {

   width: 238px;
   font-size: 85%;
   /* @noflip */
   float: right;
   clear: both;
   /* @noflip */
   margin: 0 0 1em 1em;
   line-height: 1.25em;
   background: #F8EABA;

}

/* Cell sizes for ambox/tmbox/imbox/cmbox/ombox/fmbox/dmbox message boxes */ th.mbox-text, td.mbox-text { /* The message body cell(s) */

   border: none;
   /* @noflip */
   padding: 0.25em 0.9em;     /* 0.9em left/right */
   width: 100%;               /* Make all mboxes the same width regardless of text length */

} td.mbox-image { /* The left image cell */

   border: none;
   /* @noflip */
   padding: 2px 0 2px 0.9em;  /* 0.9em left, 0px right */
   text-align: center;

} td.mbox-imageright { /* The right image cell */

   border: none;
   /* @noflip */
   padding: 2px 0.9em 2px 0;  /* 0px left, 0.9em right */
   text-align: center;

} td.mbox-empty-cell { /* An empty narrow cell */

   border: none;
   padding: 0;
   width: 1px;

}

/* Article message box styles */ table.ambox {

   margin: 0 10%;                  /* 10% = Will not overlap with other elements */
   border: 1px solid #aaa;
   /* @noflip */
   border-left: 10px solid #1e90ff;  /* Default "notice" blue */
   background: #fbfbfb;

} table.ambox + table.ambox { /* Single border between stacked boxes. */

   margin-top: -1px;

} .ambox th.mbox-text, .ambox td.mbox-text { /* The message body cell(s) */

   padding: 0.25em 0.5em;       /* 0.5em left/right */

} .ambox td.mbox-image { /* The left image cell */

   /* @noflip */
   padding: 2px 0 2px 0.5em;    /* 0.5em left, 0px right */

} .ambox td.mbox-imageright { /* The right image cell */

   /* @noflip */
   padding: 2px 0.5em 2px 0;    /* 0px left, 0.5em right */

}

table.ambox-notice {

   /* @noflip */
   border-left: 10px solid #1e90ff;    /* Blue */

} table.ambox-speedy {

   /* @noflip */
   border-left: 10px solid #b22222;    /* Red */
   background: #fee;                   /* Pink */

} table.ambox-delete {

   /* @noflip */
   border-left: 10px solid #b22222;    /* Red */

} table.ambox-content {

   /* @noflip */
   border-left: 10px solid #f28500;    /* Orange */

} table.ambox-style {

   /* @noflip */
   border-left: 10px solid #f4c430;    /* Yellow */

} table.ambox-move {

   /* @noflip */
   border-left: 10px solid #9932cc;    /* Purple */

} table.ambox-protection {

   /* @noflip */
   border-left: 10px solid #bba;       /* Gray-gold */

}

/* Image message box styles */ table.imbox {

   margin: 4px 10%;
   border-collapse: collapse;
   border: 3px solid #1e90ff;    /* Default "notice" blue */
   background: #fbfbfb;

} .imbox .mbox-text .imbox { /* For imboxes inside imbox-text cells. */

   margin: 0 -0.5em;       /* 0.9 - 0.5 = 0.4em left/right.        */
   display: block;         /* Fix for webkit to force 100% width.  */

} .mbox-inside .imbox { /* For imboxes inside other templates. */

   margin: 4px;

}

table.imbox-notice {

   border: 3px solid #1e90ff;    /* Blue */

} table.imbox-speedy {

   border: 3px solid #b22222;    /* Red */
   background: #fee;             /* Pink */

} table.imbox-delete {

   border: 3px solid #b22222;    /* Red */

} table.imbox-content {

   border: 3px solid #f28500;    /* Orange */

} table.imbox-style {

   border: 3px solid #f4c430;    /* Yellow */

} table.imbox-move {

   border: 3px solid #9932cc;    /* Purple */

} table.imbox-protection {

   border: 3px solid #bba;       /* Gray-gold */

} table.imbox-license {

   border: 3px solid #88a;       /* Dark gray */
   background: #f7f8ff;          /* Light gray */

} table.imbox-featured {

   border: 3px solid #cba135;    /* Brown-gold */

}

/* Category message box styles */ table.cmbox {

   margin: 3px 10%;
   border-collapse: collapse;
   border: 1px solid #aaa;
   background: #DFE8FF;    /* Default "notice" blue */

}

table.cmbox-notice {

   background: #D8E8FF;    /* Blue */

} table.cmbox-speedy {

   margin-top: 4px;
   margin-bottom: 4px;
   border: 4px solid #b22222;    /* Red */
   background: #FFDBDB;          /* Pink */

} table.cmbox-delete {

   background: #FFDBDB;    /* Red */

} table.cmbox-content {

   background: #FFE7CE;    /* Orange */

} table.cmbox-style {

   background: #FFF9DB;    /* Yellow */

} table.cmbox-move {

   background: #E4D8FF;    /* Purple */

} table.cmbox-protection {

   background: #EFEFE1;    /* Gray-gold */

}

/* Other pages message box styles */ table.ombox {

   margin: 4px 10%;
   border-collapse: collapse;
   border: 1px solid #aaa;       /* Default "notice" gray */
   background: #f9f9f9;

}

table.ombox-notice {

   border: 1px solid #aaa;       /* Gray */

} table.ombox-speedy {

   border: 2px solid #b22222;    /* Red */
   background: #fee;             /* Pink */

} table.ombox-delete {

   border: 2px solid #b22222;    /* Red */

} table.ombox-content {

   border: 1px solid #f28500;    /* Orange */

} table.ombox-style {

   border: 1px solid #f4c430;    /* Yellow */

} table.ombox-move {

   border: 1px solid #9932cc;    /* Purple */

} table.ombox-protection {

   border: 2px solid #bba;       /* Gray-gold */

}

/* Talk page message box styles */ table.tmbox {

   margin: 4px 10%;
   border-collapse: collapse;
   border: 1px solid #c0c090;    /* Default "notice" gray-brown */
   background: #f8eaba;

} .mediawiki .mbox-inside .tmbox { /* For tmboxes inside other templates. The "mediawiki" class ensures that */

   margin: 2px 0;               /* this declaration overrides other styles (including mbox-small above)   */
   width: 100%;                 /* For Safari and Opera */

} .mbox-inside .tmbox.mbox-small { /* "small" tmboxes should not be small when */

   line-height: 1.5em;          /* also "nested", so reset styles that are   */
   font-size: 100%;             /* set in "mbox-small" above.                */

}

table.tmbox-speedy {

   border: 2px solid #b22222;    /* Red */
   background: #fee;             /* Pink */

} table.tmbox-delete {

   border: 2px solid #b22222;    /* Red */

} table.tmbox-content {

   border: 2px solid #f28500;    /* Orange */

} table.tmbox-style {

   border: 2px solid #f4c430;    /* Yellow */

} table.tmbox-move {

   border: 2px solid #9932cc;    /* Purple */

} table.tmbox-protection, table.tmbox-notice {

   border: 1px solid #c0c090;    /* Gray-brown */

}

/* Disambig and set index box styles */ table.dmbox {

   clear: both;
   margin: 0.9em 1em;
   border-top: 1px solid #ccc;
   border-bottom: 1px solid #ccc;
   background: transparent;

}

/* Footer and header message box styles */ table.fmbox {

   clear: both;
   margin: 0.2em 0;
   width: 100%;
   border: 1px solid #aaa;
   background: #f9f9f9;     /* Default "system" gray */

} table.fmbox-system {

   background: #f9f9f9;

} table.fmbox-warning {

   border: 1px solid #bb7070;  /* Dark pink */
   background: #ffdbdb;        /* Pink */

} table.fmbox-editnotice {

   background: transparent;

} /* Div based "warning" style fmbox messages. */ div.mw-warning-with-logexcerpt, div.mw-lag-warn-high, div.mw-cascadeprotectedwarning, div#mw-protect-cascadeon {

   clear: both;
   margin: 0.2em 0;
   border: 1px solid #bb7070;
   background: #ffdbdb;
   padding: 0.25em 0.9em;

} /* Div based "system" style fmbox messages.

  Used in MediaWiki:Readonly lag. */

div.mw-lag-warn-normal, div.fmbox-system {

   clear: both;
   margin: 0.2em 0;
   border: 1px solid #aaa;
   background: #f9f9f9;
   padding: 0.25em 0.9em;

}

/* These mbox-small classes must be placed after all other

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  4) Ref tags with group names Kesalahan pengutipan: Tag <ref> harus ditutup oleh </ref> yang semua ini direkomendasikan dalam ayat Alquran dan riwayat Maksumin as.[1]

Al-Riyadhah dalam pandangan Irfan memiliki defenisi yang berbeda-beda [2] diantaranya melatih diri sehingga perkataan, perbuatan dan niat semata-mata ikhlas karena Allah swt. [[3]] Al-Riyadhah adalah juga jihad akbar sebagaimana yang dikenal, yang amalan-amalannya diantaranya makan sedikit, menghidupkan malam, sedikit berbicara dan senantiasa menyendiri. [4]

Pengaruh dan Hasil

Menghilangkan sifat bakhil, hasad, takabbur, keserakahan kepada dunia adalah diantara pengaruh dan hasil dari al-Riyadhah. [5] Demikian juga mampu melahirkan dan menghasilkan sifat-sifat yang terpuji seperti pemaaf, pemberani, bersemangat, rendah hati dan tunduk pada kebenaran. [6]

Sebagian dari ayat-ayat Alquran, yang oleh Mufassir berkaitan dengan al-Riyadhah [7] diantaranya ayat 40 dan 41 surah An-Nazi'at. Berdasarkan ayat tersebut, barangsiaoa yang takut akan kebesaran Allah swt dengan mengendalikan hawa nafsunnya, maka surga tempat kembalinya. [8] Diriwayatkan dari Imam Ali as, "Barang siapa yang mampu mengendalikan dirinya, maka akan mendapatkan pahala/keuntungan." [9]

Al-Riyadhah yang Terlarang

Selain yang dianjurkan, terdapat pula kategori al-Riyadhah yang terlarang atau tidak syar'i. [10] Seperti misalnya praktik rahbaniyah yang meninggalkan aktvitas duniawi [11], menjadi amalan yang dilarang dalam Islam. [12]

Mulla Shadra berpendapat bahwa al-Riyadhah yang dilakukan sebelum menyempurnakan makrifat (pengatahuan) dan tidak melaksanan amalan-amalan ibadah syar'i adalah sesuatu yang menyimpang. [13] Sehingga ia berkeyakinan, bahwa jika seseorang malas dan lalai dalam melaksanakan ibadah-ibadah syar'i namun melakukan amalan-amalan al-Riyadah maka itu bukan al-Riyadhah yang sesungguhnya, sebab hanya akan menyesatkan dirinya dan menyesatkan orang lain. [14]

Catatan Kaki

  1. Muassasah Dairah al-Ma'arif Fiqh Islami, Farhang-e Fiqh, jld. 4, hlm. 213
  2. Sebagai contoh, lih. Khatimi, Ayaneh Makarim, jld. 1, hlm. 140; Ghuharin, Syarh Istilahat Tashawuf, jld. 6, hlm. 142-143
  3. Al-Qasani, Syarh Manazil al-Sairin, hlm. 218
  4. Al-Qasani, Syarh Manazil al-Sairin, hlm. 218
  5. Muassasah Dairah al-Ma'arif Fiqh Islami, Farhang-e Fiqh, jld. 4, hlm. 213
  6. Muassasah Dairah al-Ma'arif Fiqh Islami, Farhang-e Fiqh, jld. 4, hlm. 213
  7. Nashiruddin Thusi, Aushaf al-Isyraf, hlm. 35
  8. Qs. An-Nazi'at: 40 dan 41
  9. من استدامَ ریاضةَ نفسه انتفعَ(Ghurur al-Hikam, hlm. 608, hadis no. 660)
  10. Ghulpaighani, Irsyad al-Sail, hlm. 197
  11. Shadr al-Din Syirazi, Kasr Ashnam al-Jahiliyah, hlm. 35
  12. Muassasah Dairah al-Ma'arif Fiqh Islami, Farhang-e Fiqh, jld. 4, hlm. 213
  13. Shadr al-Din Syirazi, Kasr Ashnam al-Jahiliyah, hlm. 35
  14. Shadr al-Din Syirazi, Kasr Ashnam al-Jahiliyah, hlm. 38

Daftar Pustaka

  • Amadi, Abdul Wahid bin Muhammad, Ghurar al-Hikam wa Durar al-Kalim, riset: Mahdi Rajai, Qom, Dar al-Kitab al-Islami, 1410 H/1990
  • Khatimi, Ruhullah, Ayaneh Makarim: Syarh Du'ai Makarim al-Akhlak Imam Sajjad as, Tehran, Zalal, 1368 HS
  • Al-Qasani, Abdul Razaq, Syarh Manazil al-Sairin Khawajah Abdullah al-Anshari, riset: Muhsin Baidarfur, Qom, Bidar, 1385 HS/1427 H
  • Farhang-e Buzurg-e Sukhan, dengan ketua: DR. Hasan Anwari, jld. 4, Tehran, Sukhan, 1390 HS
  • Ghulpaighani, Muhammad Reza, Irsyad al-Sail, Beirut, Dar al-Shafwah, 1413 H/1993
  • Ghuhairin, Shadiq, Syarh Istilahat-e Tasawuf, Tehran, Zavar, 1380 HS
  • Muassasah Tabrizi, Muhsin, Muqaddimah bar 'Irfan-e 'Ilmi wa Thaharat-e Nafs wa Shenakht-e Insan-e Kamel, Tehran, Muassasah Farhang Nur 'ala Nur, 1387 HS
  • Muassasah Dairah al-Ma'arif Fiqh Islami bar Mazhab Ahlulbait as, Farhang-e Fiqh: Sesuai Mazhab Ahlulbait as, Mahmud Hasyimi Syahrudi, jld. 4, Qom, Muassasah Dairah al-Ma'arif Fiqh Islami, 1389 HS
  • Nashr al-Din Thusi, Muhammad bin Muhammad, Aushaf al-Asyraf, riset: Mahdi Syamsuddin, Tehran, Vezarat Farhang wa Irsyad Islami, 1369 HS